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Born on 14th Jan.1936, Sankranty day, at Beau Bassin, Mauritius, and thus named "Anand" meaning bliss. Son of a modest tailor, Jayeram, and Sayah, and grand-son, on his mother's side, of Pandit Sahadeo, Arya Samajist leader and cofounder of the Labour Party and who exerted great influence on the family. Anand's father Jayeram was an Arya Samajist leader, a disciplinarian, teetotaler, vegetarian. An activist, passionate social reformer, believer in freedom and great lover of India. Jayeram ignited his son's interest in Indian culture, politics and social progress. This love for lndia was to peak up decades later in "The Global lndian Family Voices of the Diaspora".

He embraced his father's commitment to social progress and reforms. Anand got involved in social work. Took immense interest in local politics under the Labour Party and the Bissoondoyal brothers. Showed interest in Indian politics, the struggle for independence, led by Mahatma Gandhi. A self-made person, his character and personality was marked by his early struggle against deprivations, soured by his experience of colonialism, exploitation and racism which he strongly disliked. He witnessed appalling poverty, disease, ignorance, low income, exploitation, unemployment and despair around him and in the estate camps. His early experience ignited a profound sympathy for the underdogs and developed into his Leftist ideology- clearly reflected in his poems and his novel. "Watch Them Go Down".

At the age of 20, he started writing short stories, unpublished.
 He became an active member- B-B Youth League. He participated keenly in literary activities, debating and public speaking- which he enjoyed so much.

Anand joined Student, Teachers' Training College, B-B. Took special interest in psychology, under Miss Kefford, Indian culture and philosophy under Prof. Ram Prakash. This interest was to mature and bear fruits in his writing and journalism.

In 1958 Anand became Primary School teacher at Cassis Govt. School where he was keen on motivating the young children to take to studies. His next assignment was teaching at Vallee des Pretres Govt school  where the pupils showed a certain appetite for education. Anand followed courses on the Gita, under Prof. Ram Prakash, the guru. Deepened his interest in Indian culture and philosophy. This was to mature into further studies in Hinduism, Indian philosophy from 1982-1996 at the Mahatma Gandhi Institute where he undertook research and also lectured on this subject. It's bearing fruit in the book he is now completing, entitled “The World's Greatest Religion”.

In 1963-74 Anand headed History Dept., John Kennedy College. He initiated the teaching of Sociology as a new subject. He undertook research on Mauritian history, clearly evidenced in "Voices of the Diaspora". He became a contributor to "Advance, daily newspaper" Series of articles- extracts. In 1967 he wrote the novel "Watch Them Go Down".  Translated into Russian, serialised and published in Hindi and in Marathi film. This novel had a gripping impact on his generation as it portrayed the struggle for decolonisation and the struggle against the sugar barons. It marked an important stage in the evolution of Mauritian society and it inspired other writers on this theme.

On l2th March 1968 the Independence Day, published and released "The Road to Independence". Anand also wrote "Footprints". Historical and literary writing, in celebration of the birth of the new Mauritian nation. It revealed the author's optimism, which was soon to be overshadowed by the aftermath and birth pangs of the new nation, struggling after independence against the stranglehold of the white colonialists.

In 1969, he attended the Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, Wardha, India. He met Indian leftist writers. Anand took interest in development studies, particularly of the Third World countries. His travels across India ignited his socialist conscience which poured out into his writing of poems of protest.

In 1970, he published "Dust of Time", book of poems. Revealed his impatience and anger at the slow pace of progress as well as the dark period through which Mauritius went through after independence. He was a delegate to the Afro-Asian Writers' Conference, New Delhi. A committed leftist writer, he delved deeper into leftist writings, student revolution, civil rights and anti-Vietnam war campaigns.

In 1971 he Published "Education for the People" where he advocated changes and reforms in education. Like his father, he had strong faith in the social value of education.

In 1971-72 he showed sympathy with the nascent Leftist movement, then preaching revolution. At Edinburgh, he studied sociology, development economics, linguistics. Influenced by Marxist sociologists, his intellectual horizons widened considerably. Felt better informed, self-confident and enlightened on current issues.In 1972 back home, he conducted students in a series of sociological surveys on poverty in deprived areas, Mauritius to grasp social reality at first hand. As teacher, he showed leadership skills, drive and initiative. Adopted innovative teaching methods with focus on independent thinking and training of future leaders. He organized the World Affairs Day, John Kennedy College which attracted and inspired students from different colleges.

During 1972-74 his sociological perspectives widened, he inspired and guided student movement. Passionate democrat, social reformer and believer in the ideals of a better and just world for the underdogs, he rejected colonialism, racism and other social inequalities which are clearly reflected in all his writings.

During 1973-76 Leftist and Marxist writer, author of poems of protest, trade Unionist. Founder and secretary of Society for Democratic Action to protest against the State of emergency and to campaign through public forums for social development and educational reforms leading to the granting of free education in 1976 and his own political commitment.

In 1973 he addressed public forums. Good public speaker who spoke with passion from his strong convictions and sincerity. Anand published Ashes and Embers, together with Hossenjee Edoo, both Marxist intellectuals.

As Senior Education Officer in 1975, Ministry of Education, attached to the UNESCO section, the author is seen talking to an African delegate. His interest in international affairs, education, science and culture deepened through the contacts with important Unesco dossiers and publications. He also edited the Journal of Mauritian Education, Vol. IV Ministry of Education where he advocated educational reforms.

In 1976 inevitably, his Leftist commitment drove him into active politics. Candidate for election in 1976 at Savanne Black River. Revelled in public speaking.

During 1977-79 he was a councilor BB-RH. Disillusioned with the hypocrisy and double dealing of the MMM, he went back to his first love, the Labour Party and resumed his studies on Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, the Prime Minister later to mature into three books of biographies on SSR.

In 1979 he was a delegate at the Afro-Asian Writers' Conference. Angola, Africa. He made stirring speeches. Anand was deeply committed to the development of Third World countries. As Secretary General and Founder of the Mauritius Association of Writers, since 1967. Seen here with Prime Minister Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and foreign diplomats at the First Intenational Writers' Conference which he organized.

In 1980 he published his first biography on SSR, "Dr S. Romgoolam. His life, his Work, his ldeas". It was released by Prime Minister, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam. Written in simple and direct language, it's a valuable little summary on the father of the nation.

During 1982-96 he was a research officer and lecturer, Mahatma Gandhi Institute where he delved deeper in Indian Studies, a curiosity which was rooted in his childhood experience and which has borne fruits in the publications of "Shakti magazine , " The Global Indian Family" and the forthcoming "The World's Greatest Religion".

In 1982 Prime Minister Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam is seen launching, his second biography on SSR, "Our Struggle", published by Vision books, New Delhi, at Municipality of Quatre Bornes. This is a comprehensive and standard biography on SSR, a rare book of reference.

In 1983 Published third book on SSR. "Our Freedom" This is the best from SSR.

During the period 1983-87, he was founder and editor of “ Femmes des Iles Magazine”. Campaigned for women’s rights and emancipation. Coped with all the problems of writing, journalism, gathering information, financing, printing, publishing and marketing the magazine. Gathered valuable experience on the ground which sharpened his practical business acumen and led him into deeper business waters.

In 1986, Anand was a delegate to the Commonwealth Writers' Conference, University of Singapore.

In 1987, getting further into business. Founded Quad Ltd and Amrise Int. Ltd., with sons, Sanjiv and Ashish, at first, based at 43, Lord Kitchener St, Port Louis. Engaged in the study of and experimentation in modern business and management methods, with focus on printing, communications technology and trading. After a difficult start, the business has picked up and made headway, under his sons management.In 1990, he published "Marathi Settlements in Mauritius”, his first foray into diaspora studies. A landmark study. Lively reading, scathing at places.

During 1995-2000, he became founder and editor of "Shakti" magazine to campaign for Indian cultural values, including an issue dedicated on prof. Basdeo Bissoondoyal. Shakti showed the relevance and vitality of his studies on Indian culture, history and philosophy. In 1997 he became News editor of "News on Sunday" an lnnovative journalism.

In 1998, he was chairman, Pre School Trust Pund. attended World Conference on Early Childhood at Copenhagen, Denmark, and he is here seen visiting a Swedish kindergarten and talking to teachers, at Gutenberg. Pushed forward with projects for the development of Early Childhood in Mauritius. In 2000 Anand published 4th book on SSR, "Father of the Nation" In 2002 he published "How Your Child Can be a Winner”  -  a valuable manual for all parents keen on the full development of their children.

In Dec.2004 he published "The Global Indian Family - Voices of the Diaspora" - acclaimed internationally as a valuable contribution for the study and understanding of the Indian diaspora, as seen in a comparative perspective.

In Jan.2005, Anand along with Mr Basdeo Pandey, former Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago attended the Pravasi Bharatya Divas, Taj Hotel, Mumbai.In 2005, Anand addressed the delegates at University of Hyderabad, lndia, on lndian diaspora.

 


 
School Teacher, 1958
Moscow, 1970
 
The Politician, 1976
 
The Old Well
 
Ancestral home at Sawantwadi, Maharashtra
 
Anand Mulloo with Rajmata, 2009
 
Young Anand Mulloo with Family
 
Indu, Little Sanjiv, Panji immigrant
100 years old Mrs S. Hurry

 

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